DESAIN LINGKUNGAN KERJA INDUSTRI KARET BERBASIS ERGONOMI GUNA REDUKSI BEBAN KERJA DAN PENINGKATAN PRODUKTIVITAS

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Publication Type:

Journal Article

Authors:

Heri Setiawan

Source:

Jurnal Teknologi, Volume 7, Number 1 (2014)

Abstract:

Achievement of plant capacity and reducing bottlenecks in the production process at wet blanket physical work environment determined on the level worker of workload and result of the production per work shift. Capabilities and limitations of workers, equipment, task, and environmental organizations must be harmonized for level worker of workload and result of the production per work shift. The problem scale priority based on total ergonomics must be applied early with identification of 8 aspects of ergonomics, planned and considered systemic, holistic, interdisciplinary and participatory and apply the concept of appropriate technology become one of problem solution about this case. Reduction of level worker of workload and increase result of the production per work shift based on ergonomics; include redesigning of the table and standing-seat chair folding work wet blanket, setting the pattern system of pair work, giving an active break, providing additional nutrition in the form of sweet tea and snack pempek, provision of personal protective equipment, and redesigning of the physical work environment. Experimental research was using the treatment by subject design, with involved 17 workers samples who perform activities on the conditions of activity before and after the redesign based on ergonomics. The level worker of workload and result of the production per work shift data were analyzed using Two Pair Sample t-test at a significance level of 5%. The results of study showed that after redesign of wet blanket physical work environment based on ergonomics there was a significant reduction of the level worker of workload as 24.39%, and increase result of the production per work shift as 20.29%.

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